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L'asbestos, banned about twenty years ago, is slowly disappearing from public and private buildings in Italy. A big contribution to the dismantling of this dangerous material came from incentives on photovoltaics.
The asbestos bonus of the Energy Account which provides incentives for those who replace asbestos roofs with solar panels has made about thirteen thousand million square meters of dangerous asbestos disappear from Italian roofs.
The replacement of asbestos on roofs with photovoltaics produced 1,340 photovoltaic megawatts, about 16,350 plants: almost 30% of the 4.6 GW currently subsidized by the Fourth Energy Account.
The data was provided by the operational director of the GSE during the Italian PV Summit in Verona, which highlighted the very strong success of photovoltaic installations. Just consider that today about 95% of Italian municipalities have at least one in their territory photovoltaic system, a share that was only 31% in 2007.
Before last year's photovoltaic explosion at Electricity exchange There were two price peaks, one during the day, around 11 in the morning, and one in the evening, around 18-20. Now the 11am peak has practically disappeared. The explanation is that photovoltaics, together with other renewables, thanks to production and zero marginal costs, are able to contain the price of energy.
The Italian regions that have benefited most from the asbestos bonus they were Lombardy, Emilia Romagna and Piedmont. Lombardy has replaced 1,258,913 square meters of asbestos roofs with 135,967 kW ofphotovoltaic panels, Emilia Romagna has reclaimed 738,075 square meters with 81,356 kW and Piedmont 539,386 with 60,563 kW. The cost of the bonus is estimated at € 45.8 million.
Move forward therefore for the remediation of asbestos, even if in the southern regions the numbers are very low. The road is still long, there would still be 50 thousand public and private buildings still covered by the cement-asbestos, for a total of 100 million square meters of ondulin, to which must be added 600 thousand cubic meters of friable asbestos.